Rules of Olympic Trampoline
Both men and women compete
independently in individual events in the trampolining.
In the qualifying round competitors complete
both compulsory and optional routines, while the final consists of just
an optional routine.
The compulsory routine contains a prescribed
set of skills, which must be performed in a set order, while the
optional routines must contain 10 recognized skills.
These skills are submitted on cards to the
judges, but can be performed in any order. Each of the 10 skills in an
optional routine should be different, ie, skills should not be repeated
in the same routine.
Routines should end with the trampolinists in
an upright position with both feet on the trampoline bed. They must
remain upright for at least three seconds at the end of the routine,
with points deducted for instability.
For all skills apart from straddle jumps, the
legs should be kept together with the toes pointed.
Only one attempt at each routine is allowed,
unless the routine is interrupted by outside interference.
There is no time limit on routines.
Skills include twists and somersaults in a
variety of positions. Each is given a degree of difficulty, the higher
the difficulty the higher the score. The number of twists and
somersaults in each skill dictates its difficulty rating.
A full somersault is worth 0.4 of a point, a
quarter somersault is worth 0.1 and a three-quarter somersault is worth
0.3 of a point. A full twist scores 0.2 of a point and a half twist 0.1
or a point.
If a move includes a somersault and a twist,
the scores are added.
If the somersault does not include a twist but
is performed in the pike or straight position, 0.1 of a point is added
for each complete somersault.
Two difficulty judges confer to give each
routine a difficulty score, which is usually in the range of 11-15
points.
A panel of five judges rate the execution of
each routine, giving a score out of 10.
They look at form, consistent height and
control, deducting fractions of points for faults.
Failing to hit the trampoline with both feet at
the same time costs 0.3 of a point, touching the trampoline bed with the
hands draws a 0.4 of a point penalty, touching the bed with the hands
and knees is worth a half a point penalty and landing on a safety
platform results in a 0.8 of a point penalty.
Like the other gymnastics disciplines, in
trampolining technical ability is not enough for a good score, style is
also important.
Judges reward competitors who perform with
artistry and grace.
The highest and lowest scores for each routine
are discarded and the other three are totaled.
The difficulty score is then added, giving a
final score for the routine.
If scores are tied, the scores are added again,
this time including the two discarded scores, to determine a result. |