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Fitness Eating Tips


  1. Trim all fat from meat before cooking.
  2. For pan-frying, use a pan with a non-stick finish to eliminate or use very little fat.
  3. If frying in a regular pan, sprinkle the bottom with salt, or use very little fat.
  4. To render more fat than by frying, broil meat that you would normally pan-fry, even as a first step to stews. If meat is browned in a pan, drain all fat before adding other ingredients.
  5. When preparing soups, stews, or meat in sauces, allow time to refrigerate the mixture until the fat congeals and can be entirely removed and discarded.
  6. Rather than saute vegetables in butter or oil, cook them in a small amount of water with herbs or bouillon.
  7. For meat glazes and other uses, choose juice-packed canned fruits instead of those packed in syrup. Also, use unsweetened juices and applesauce.
  8. Use tuna fish that has been packed in water rather than oil.
  9. For salads and marinating or basting meats or poultry, use a bottled low-calorie dressing. Marinating before cooking also eliminates the need for using fat.
  10. When broiling or baking fish, use wine, bouillon or lemon juice instead of butter. Extra dry Vermouth is especially nice.
  11. Use low-calorie mayonnaise rather than regular kind.
  12. When stuffing poultry, fish or other meats, use a vegetable stuffing rather than bread, or a mixture of both using less bread than vegetables.
  13. In gelatin desserts, use the unflavored kind.
  14. To save 25 calories per tablespoon, use butter or margarine rather than cooking oil.
  15. If you use flour as a thickening agent, use less and settle for thinner sauce or substitute cornstarch for flour. The same amount of cornstarch has twice the thickening power, and it is about equal in calories. If recipe calls for 2T flour, you need only one tablespoon of cornstarch.
  16. To flavor low-fat sauces, experiment with adding some of the following: the cooking liquid from vegetables, lemon juice, herbs and spices, bouillon cubes, onions, celery, watercress and mushrooms.
  17. In general, use liquid skim milk and dry skim milk instead of milk and cream. Use skim milk for custards. Add extra flavoring.
  18. When a recipe specifies sour cream, substitute low-calorie sour cream or sour half-and-half, or part sour cream and part yogurt, or plain yogurt.
  19. If a recipe calls for coating meat with flour before browning, brown it without flour.
  20. When meat is cooked in liquid with aromatic vegetables (carrots, onions, turnips, rutabagas, etc.) as in pot roast, thicken and enrich the sauce with the pureed vegetables. To puree, press through sieve, food mill or blend in food blender with some of the liquid, then add sauce.
  21. Use lean meat in all recipes. When you buy ground beef, specify lean round. (These cuts are usually just as economical because they have no excess fat).
  22. Before cooking chicken, remove the skin and any loose fat.
  23. If meat, poultry or fish is served with a sauce to spoon over rice or noodles, serve the sauce either unthickened or on the thin side.
  24. Rather than fry chicken in butter, margarine or oil (which can take as much as 1/3 cup), brush with one tablespoon of fat and roast in the oven.
  25. Use whipped butter or margarine for spreads. The air or water they contain reduces the fat content and cuts their calories almost half.
  26. Choose canned or frozen vegetables that are plain instead of combinations containing rich sauces.
  27. Learn which are the low or no-calorie foods and serve them often in meals and for snacks. Some are: green beans, green peppers, leeks, celery, cauliflower, carrots, watercress, zucchini, lettuce, and cucumbers. There are more that you can find on any calorie chart.

More on good eating habits

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