There are certain endeavors where eating
orders are more prevalent. Thinness is usually emphasized in these professions.
The endeavors are, but not limited to: modeling, dancing, gymnastics, wrestling, and long-distance
running. The two most common is Bulimia and Anorexia.
called bulimia nervosa, is a psychological eating disorder. Bulimia is
characterized by episodes of binge-eating followed by inappropriate methods of
weight control (purging). Inappropriate methods of weight control include
vomiting, fasting, enemas, excessive use of laxatives and diuretics, or
compulsive exercising. Excessive shape and weight concerns are also
characteristics of bulimia. A binge is an episode where an individual eats a
much larger amount of food than most people would in a similar situation. Binge
eating is not a response to intense hunger. It is usually a response to
depression, stress, or self esteem issues. During the binge episode, the
individual experiences a loss of control. However, the sense of a loss of
control is also followed by a short-lived calmness. The calmness is often
followed by self-loathing. The cycle of overeating and purging usually becomes
an obsession and is repeated often.
Bulimia was only
diagnosed as its own eating disorder in the 1980s. People
with bulimia can look perfectly normal. Most of them are of normal weight, and
some may be overweight. Women with bulimia tend to be high achievers. It
is often difficult to determine whether a person is suffering from Bulimia. This
occurs because binging and purging is often done in secret. Also, individuals
suffering from Bulimia often deny their condition.
huge quantities of food. Sometimes up to 20,000 calories at a time. The foods on
which they binge tend to be foods labeled as "comfort foods" -- sweet
foods, high in calories, or smooth, soft foods like ice cream, cake, and pastry.
An individual may binge anywhere from twice a day to several times daily.
is an eating disorder where people starve themselves. Anorexia usually begins in
young people around the onset of puberty. Individuals suffering from anorexia
have extreme weight loss. Weight loss is usually 15% below the person's normal
body weight. People suffering from anorexia are very skinny but are convinced
that they are overweight. Weight loss is obtained by many ways. Some of the
common techniques used are excessive exercise, intake of laxatives and not
have an intense fear of becoming fat. Their dieting habits develop from this
fear. Anorexia mainly affects adolescent girls. People
with anorexia continue to think they are overweight even after they become
extremely thin, are very ill or near death. Often they will develop strange
eating habits such as refusing to eat in front of other people. Sometimes the
individuals will prepare big meals for others while refusing to eat any of it.
There are many sources and
websites that can offer information on the various eating disorders. Here are some you might check out:
DISORDERS AND ATHLETES by Merrell Noden
Compulsive Overeating, Anorexia and Bulimia
Eating Disorder Topics: American Academy of Pediatrics
Cost of Winning: Teen Athletes & Eating Disorders by Janet Lepke
Disorders Among Athletes by David
M. Garner, Ph.D., Lionel Rosen, M.D. & Declan Barry, M.A.
American Anorexia / Bulimia Association, Inc.
133 Cedar Lane
Teaneck, NJ 07666
Disseminates free educational information to students, family members, sufferers
others, offers nationwide referrals and publishes a newsletter.
Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders (ANAD)
Highland Park, IL 60035
ANAD maintains lists of qualified therapists and support groups across the
United States and in some foreign countries. It also publishes a newsletter and
information packets that it will send on request.
Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders. Inc. (ANRED)
P.O. Box 5102
Eugene, OR 97405
ANRED provides a nationwide referral service. It also publishes a newsletter and
general information that it will send on request.
National Anorexic Aid Society
1925 E. Dublin-Granville Road
Columbus, OH 43229
(614) 436-1112 or (614) 846-2833
NAAS Provides referral services in the United States, Canada, and Great Britain.
It also offers a newsletter and additional information on eating disorders.
Helping Athletes With Eating Disorders.
R. Thompson, and R.T. Sherman (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. 1993)
The Thin Disguise: Understanding and Overcoming Anorexia and Bulimia.
P. Vredevelt, D. Newman, H. Beverly and F. Minirth (Nashville: Thomas Nelson. 1992)
Pre-Season Meeting Handbook.
National Federation of State High School Associations TARGET Program. P.O.
Box 20626, Kansas City, MO 64195. 1-800-366-6667.
This 24-page publication guides coaches, activities sponsors, drug-free
school coordinators through the pre-season meeting process. The pre-season
meeting provides an excellent forum to discuss healthy lifestyle issues such
as disordered eating and proper nutrition.